Education and Career:
BA in European History, Barnard College, Columbia University
MA in Medieval Studies, University College London
PhD in Medieval Studies, The Warburg Institute, University of London
Science and Religion/Medieval Philosophy and Theology
Theology/History of Christianity
Study of Religion.
Reception of Aristotelian natural philosophy in the late Middle Ages; conflicts between philosophy and theology; medieval universities; medieval Spain and Italy; transmission of Arabic philosophy into Christian Europe; heresy.
Marie Curie Project: 'Boundaries of Science: Medieval Condemnations of Philosophy as Heresy'
‘Early Witness: Thomas Aquinas, Albert the Great and Peter of Tarentaise in Ramon Martí’s Pugio fidei (c. 1278)’, in Ramon Martí’s Pugio fidei: Studies and Texts, ed. Alexander Fidora and Görge Hasselhoff (in th...
Ramon Martí’s Pugio fidei: Studies and Texts
This article examines a medieval anti-philosophy polemic (Pugio fidei, Book I) and use by the author (Ramon Marti) of contemporary, Latin text sources. The analysis is of both quotations presented with author attributions and text reproduced without attribution. The work survives in an autograph manuscript (13th c), allowing for precise analysis of Marti's reproduction of text, in order to determine the degree of fidelity or intervention by Marti. The question is important because scholarship of the past 30 years has disagreed about Marti's fidelity in reproducing and translating into Latin copious Arabic and Hebrew sources in the Pugio fidei, thus raising questions about his stated priorities about handling sources with integrity while composing aggressive polemics. This article's findings on Latin sources corroborate the latest findings on Marti's reproduction of Hebrew sources: that Marti made largely faithful reproductions (particularly in quotations with author attribution), with occasional interventions for emphasis, explanation, or to weave the source into his discourse. The article also makes attributions to Latin sources not previously identified.
Medieval Studies; Medieval Spain; Manuscripts; Dominicans; Ramon Marti; Thomas Aquinas; Albertus Magnus; Peter of Tarentaise
‘Gentiles and Jews: Common Ground and Authenticity in the Mission of Ramon Martí’s Pugio fidei’, in Transcending Words: The Language of Religious Contact between Buddhists, Christians, Jews, and Muslims in Premoder...
Transcending Words: The Language of Religious Contact between Buddhists, Christians, Jews, and Muslims in Premodern Times
This article analyses the introduction by Ramon Marti to his Pugio fidei ('Dagger of Faith', c. 1278), a polemic promoting Christianity against philosophy and Judaism. The article examines Marti's approach in translating quotation sources from Hebrew into Latin in a way acceptable to a Jewish audience; and it explores why Marti combined in one work polemics against philosophy and polemics against Jews. An autograph manuscript (13th c.) of the Pugio fidei surviving in Paris allowed for detailed examination of the text and editing changes; and made possible confirmation of Marti's intention to present together the diverse polemics.
‘Guido Terreni: Two Quaestiones on the Eternity of the World’, in Textes et Études du Moyen Âge, 78 (2015), pp. 283-305.
Textes et Études du Moyen Âge
This article publishes for the first time two early 14th-c Latin scholastic quaestiones composed by Catalan philosopher/theologian Guido Terreni at the University of Paris. Both quaestiones treat the controversial philosophical theories of the Eternity of the World and Eternal Creation, and their conflict with Creation according to Genesis. The quaestiones survive only in one medieval manuscript each, and are precious records of Terreni's philosophical views. One quaestio comes from a manuscript previously thought to be lost. Analysis of the quaestiones is published in a separate contribution to the same volume.
Medieval Studies; Medieval Philsoophy; Eternity of the World; Eternal Creation; Godfrey of Fontaines
‘Intellectual Conflict in an Inquisitor: Philosophical Possibilities and Theological Commitments in the Mind of Guido Terreni’, in Textes et Études du Moyen Âge, 78 (2015), pp. 19-70.
Textes et Études du Moyen Âge
This article analyses the philosophical writings of medieval theologian and inquisitor, Guido Terreni. It traces 13th/early 14th c. scholastic views and sources informing Terreni's discourse; and it contrasts his challenging philosophical views, which conflicted with Christian doctrine, with his later statements on the same philosophical issue in his role as inquisitor. The two scholastic quaestiones analysed in the article are published in a separate contribution to the same volume. The article resolves doubts in modern scholarship about the attribution of one quaestio to Terreni, by locating the true author (Aquinas) of an appended paragraph which had caused the confusion. The other quaestio comes from a manuscript previously thought by modern scholars to be lost, but in fact has been preserved in Rome.
Medieval Studies; Medieval Philosophy; Conflict of Philosophy/Science and Religion/Christianity; Aquinas; Godfrey of Fontaines; Giles of Rome; Henry of Ghent
‘An Arsenal of Arguments: Arabic Philosophy at the Service of Christian Polemics in Ramon Martí’s Pugio fidei’, in Arabica Veritas, 1 (2014), pp. 153-165.
This article addresses the question of audience for Ramon Marti's Pugio fidei, Book I (c. 1278). Books II and III are a polemic against Judaism and addressed to Jews, while Book I is attacks the errors of philosophy against religion, with no stated audience. Book I contains many quotations from Arabic philosophical sources, translated into Latin for the first time by Marti. To address the question of audience, the article examines the structure of Pugio fidei, I (which is deliberately based on al-Ghazali's Deliveror from Error) and its content (much of it from Aquinas's Summa contra gentiles). The article shows the harmony of Aquinas and al-Ghazali on the relationship between faith and reason as evidenced in Pugio fidei. It also shows it is unlikely that Latin scholastics were the intended audience (because of the philosophical issues treated and the reliance on al-Ghazali), but that Marti's target was possibly a Muslim audience, with the aim of implementing the method of converting Muslims to Christianity by means of rational argumentation as proposed by Aquinas in Summa contra gentiles.
Medieval Studies; Medieval Philosophy; Arabic Philosophy; Conflict of Philosophy/Science with Religion/Christrianity/Islam; Aquinas; Summa contra gentiles; al-Ghazali; Deliveror from Error