I am originally from Lancaster in the North-West of England and read Philosophy and Theology at Oxford (Oriel College) before completing a Masters in Christian Theology at Durham. I recently obtained my PhD in Historical Theology at Emory University in the USA, where I wrote on the Fourth-Century bishop and theologian Gregory of Nazianzus. My research focusses on Fourth-Century Greek and Syriac-speaking Christianity, and in particular on the topics of soteriology, Christology, Pneumatology, and monasticism.
Irenaeus’s Engagement with Rhetorical Theory in his Exegesis of the Johannine Prologue in Adversus Haereses 1.8.5-1.9.3
<jats:p>While scholars have long recognised Irenaeus’s acquaintance with rhetorical theory, the role of rhetorical theory in Irenaeus’s scriptural exegesis has only recently come to light. In the last few years, Lewis Ayres (2015) and Anthony Briggman (2015, 2016) have argued for the central importance of Greco-Roman literary and rhetorical theory to Irenaeus’s approach to scripture. This paper will build on the work of Ayres and Briggman by exploring Irenaeus’s engagement with rhetorical theory in his interpretation of the Johannine prologue in <jats:italic><jats:sc>AH</jats:sc></jats:italic> 1.8.5-9.3. In this paper, I will argue that Irenaeus’s exegetical strategy in <jats:italic><jats:sc>AH</jats:sc></jats:italic> 1.8.4-9.3 is best understood in light of the question of authorial intent as formulated in rhetorical handbooks. Specifically, I will argue that Irenaeus presents his argument as a defence of the <jats:italic>scriptum</jats:italic> of the prologue, and so follows the conventions laid out in rhetorical handbooks for a dispute between <jats:italic>scriptum et voluntas</jats:italic>.</jats:p>
Pro-Nicene Pneumatology in Ambrose of Milan’s Baptismal Theology